November 13th, 2012 / 1:21 pm

Crowd Sourcing Question: What are the essential texts of third wave feminism?

Helpful suggestions greatly appreciated. I’m trying to put together a research list, and thought others might also be interested.

I posed this question on Facebook last week, and I got some good recommendations. I also got a sense that there’s some confusion over what constitutes “third wave.” (Does Camille Paglia “count”?) While I have a general idea about the distinctions between first, second, and third wave, I’d like to be more familiar with the important works that contribute to this specific conversation.

So here are the suggestions I received via Facebook…please help to increase and/or complicate the list…many thanks…

Judith Butler’s Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity, published in 1990, seems pivotal in the shift from second to third wave.

It also seems that Rebecca Walker’s essay “Becoming the Third Wave” introduced the term. It was published in Ms. Magazine in 1991, when Walker was only 22. She then went on to co-found the Third Wave Foundation.

From there, I got the following book recommendations:

Elizabeth Wurtzel’s Bitch: In Praise of Difficult Women

Cynthia Enloe’s The Curious Feminist: Searching for Women in a New Age of Empire

Jennifer Baumgardner & Amy Richard’s Manifesta: Young Women, Feminism, and the Future

Susan Faludi’s Backlash: The Undeclared War Against American Women

Inga Muscio’s Cunt: A Declaration of Independence

Tiqqun’s Preliminary Materials for a Theory of the Young-Girl

Mary Daly’s Gyn/Ecology: The Metaethics of Radical Feminism

Shulamith Firestone’s The Dialectic of Sex: The Case for Feminist Revolution

Kate Millett’s Sexual Politics

Agree or disagree with these books as representative of “third wave” feminism?

What else?

Suggestions need not be nonfiction. I’m sure there’s great poetry, prose, etcetera that could enrich a conversation about third wave feminism, too. Riot Grrrl punk band Bikini Kill, Eve Ensler’s The Vagina Monologues, Glenum & Greenberg’s Gurlesque Anthology, etc.


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